Bhutan is a landlocked country in South Asia, occupying the eastern end of the Himalayas. It is officially known as the kingdom of Bhutan. Bhutan shares its borders with China in the north and India in the east, west and south. The largest city in Bhutan is its capital, Thimpu.
Earlier existed as a patchwork of minor warring fief, the military leader, Ngawang Namgyal, the first Zhabdrung Rinpoche, along with the then lama, unified the area and introduced a distinct Bhutanese identity in the 17th century. Bhutan was exposed to the British in the early 20th century and maintained strong bilateral relations with India upon its independence. Preaching the Gross Happiness Philosophy, Bhutan was ranked the happiest country in Asia and the eighth happiest country in the world in a 2006 survey!
In 2008, Bhutan held its first general election, transitioning from an absolute monarchy system to a constitutional monarchy one. Bhutan is a member of the United Nations and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). The 16th SAARC summit was hosted by Bhutan in April 2010.